|The Republic of Bulgaria is situated in South-eastern Europe, east of the lower reaches of the Danube River. Her Black Sea coastline is famous for its resorts. The distinguishing geographic feature of the Balkan Peninsula, the Balkan Range, stretches within its borders. The mountain massifs and the open plains make up the relief of this country. The country is mostly agricultural and over 80% of the people live on small farms.|
The historical development of the Bulgarian lands and the people that inhabited them in the antiquity has been determined by one major factor - their crossroads situation between Europe and Asia. The earliest traces of human life on the Bulgarian lands date back to Paleolithic and Mesolithic times. Bulgaria emerged and received official recognition following two victories over the cosmopolitan Byzantine Empire. The first battles took place in the Danube delta area in the year 680 A.D. The conflicts continued in the following year, spreading south of the Balkan Range. This is cited in the Acts of the Sixth Oecumenical Council of the Christian Church in Constantinople (present-day Istanbul).